Estonia has set itself the aim of making the COVID-19 vaccination available to all Estonian residents in 2021, and to achieving the vaccination of the highest possible share of the population. It is very important to protect the most vulnerable residents in Estonia and those individuals who are included in risk groups.

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Vaccinating children

The body of each child is protected by their immune system. It is in our power to strengthen this system even more, taking into account the characteristics of a child’s immune system.

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Vaccination of adults

An average adult is exposed to thousands of pathogens daily. The immune system, which works continuously and imperceptibly, protects the body from those pathogens.

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For healthcare workers

Healthcare workers professionals play a very important role in conducting vaccination. The information and explanations received from them affect people's decisions, and the feedback and statistics collected help direct vaccination policies.

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Influenza blog, week 53: rhinovirus is the dominating virus

07. Jan 2021

pilt: tabletid ja kraadiklaas

In the period between 28 December and 3 January, a total of 2,945 people sought medical aid due to acute upper respiratory tract infections, of whom 20% were children.

The highest number of cases were registered in Tallinn, in Tartu County, in Narva, in Ida-Viru County, and in Pärnu County. No confirmed influenza cases were found this week. Rhinovirus remains the main virus which is circulating in Estonia this season.


The situation in Europe

According to the European Influenza Surveillance Network and the WHO, the intensity of the spread of influenza remains low in the European Union, as well as elsewhere in the world. The various hygiene and social distancing measures which have been implemented to prevent the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus have probably also had a role in preventing the spread of the influenza virus.


The symptoms of a viral infection

The symptoms of viral upper respiratory tract diseases usually include a head cold, cough, sore throat, and fever. Many of these cases are mild, involving a low-grade fever and no significant symptoms. The various viruses are difficult to identify by their clinical symptoms alone. A specific virus can only be identified by means of analysis which is carried out by a virological laboratory.


The symptoms are usually limited to the upper respiratory tract in the form of a head cold, cough, or low-grade fever. Just like influenza, however, parainfluenza, RSV, and adenovirus infections may also result in pneumonia. Symptoms may range from an upper respiratory tract inflammation to pneumonia, especially in children. There is no specific treatment. If necessary, supporting treatment is used which alleviates the symptoms, such as in terms of lowering the fever, using analgesics, drinking plenty of fluids, and administering medicinal products which facilitate breathing.


Influenza is an acute viral disease which spreads in the form of outbreaks; as an epidemic or a pandemic. The disease affects mainly children, but most hospitalisation cases and deaths involve the elderly, as well as those individuals who suffer from chronic diseases.