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Laste vaktsineerimine

Iga lapse organismi kaitseb immuunsüsteem. Meie võimuses on seda süsteemi tema eripärasid arvestades tugevamaks muuta.

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Täiskasvanutele

Täiskasvanu puutub iga päev kokku tuhandete haigusetekitajatega. Nende eest pakub kaitset immuunsüsteem, mis töötab pidevalt ja märkamatult. Vaktsineerimine aitab organismil ohte ära tunda ja neile vastu astuda.

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Tervishoiutöötajatele

Tervishoiutöötajatel on väga oluline roll vaktsineerimise elluviimisel. Neilt saadud info ja selgitused mõjutavad inimeste otsuseid ning kogutud tagasiside ja statistika aitavad suunata vaktsineerimispoliitikat.

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Reisivaktsineerimine ja profülaktika

Nakkushaiguste vältimiseks peaksid riskipiirkondadesse sõitjad pöörduma vähemalt 4 nädalat enne reisi algust oma perearsti poole või reisimeditsiini kabinetti tervisekontrolliks ja vajadusel ka vaktsineerimiseks.

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Vaccination of risk groups

The health status of some people imposes restrictions on their vaccination. This should definitely be taken into account when planning vaccination injections. If you are in a risk group, consult your family physician.

 

Adults with immunodeficiency

  • Can be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, influenza (inactivated vaccine), human papillomavirus infection (HPV), pneumococcal infection, meningococcal infection, poliomyelitis (IPV), and tick-borne encephalitis.
  • It is not recommended to vaccinate against measles, rubella, mumps or chickenpox.

 

HIV-infected adult with a CD4 + T-lymphocyte count ˂200 / μL:

  • Can be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, HPV, pneumococcal disease, meningococcal infection, viral hepatitis A and B, poliomyelitis (IPV) and tick-borne encephalitis.
  • Vaccination against measles, rubella, chickenpox or herpes zoster is not recommended.

 

HIV-infected adult with a CD4 + T lymphocyte count ≥200 / μL:

  • Can be vaccinated with all aforementioned vaccines.

 

Pregnant women

  • Can be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, influenza (inactivated vaccine), pneumococcal infection, meningococcal infection, poliomyelitis (IPV), viral hepatitis A and B, and tick-borne encephalitis.
  • Vaccination against measles, mumps, pertussis or chickenpox is not recommended.

 

People exhibiting the following risk behaviours (and similar lifestyles) should definitely consider vaccination:

  • Drug addicts, including HIV positive drug addicts – hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines are recommended.
  • Men who have sex with men – hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines are recommended.
  • Persons with sexually transmitted diseases – hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines are recommended.
  • Persons who have many sexual partners – hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines are recommended.
  • People involved in prostitution – hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines are recommended.
  • Alcoholics – pneumococcal infection vaccine is recommended.

 

Regardless of belonging to a risk group, people who are hypersensitive to any of the ingredients of the vaccine should not be vaccinated. A series of vaccination injections should also be stopped if a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) occurs after the first dose.