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Vaccinating children

The body of each child is protected by their immune system. It is in our power to strengthen this system even more, taking into account the characteristics of a child’s immune system.

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Vaccination of adults

An average adult is exposed to thousands of pathogens daily. The immune system, which works continuously and imperceptibly, protects the body from those pathogens.

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For healthcare workers

Healthcare workers professionals play a very important role in conducting vaccination. The information and explanations received from them affect people's decisions, and the feedback and statistics collected help direct vaccination policies.

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Travel vaccination

In order to avoid infectious diseases, travellers to risk areas should turn to their own family physician or travel medicine office at least 4 weeks before the trip, for a medical examination and, if necessary, to get vaccinated.

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Schedule 

In the framework of the national vaccination schedule, adults can get vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus for free. A fee is charged for other vaccination injections.

 

Recommended age-based vaccination schedule for adults

Vaccine

19-26-year-olds

27-64-year-olds

≥ 65-year-olds

Diphteria, tetanus

(Td)

Diphtheria, tetanus (Td) 1 dose once every 10 years. 

 

Measles, rubella, mumps (MMR)

1 or 2 doses

Viral hepatitis A

2 doses

Viral hepatitis B

3 doses

Flu (inactivated)

1 dose every season

Human papillomavirus inflection

3 doses

 

 

Pneumococcal inflection (polysaccharide)

 

 

1 dose repeated after ≥5 years

1 repeated doses

Pneumococcal inflection (conjugated)

 

 

1 dose repeated after ≥5 years

1 repeated dose

Herpes zoster

 

 

1 dose

Poliomyelitis (IPV)

1 dose

Tick-borne encephalitis

3 dose and 1 repeat dose after 3-5 years

 

The table has been compiled with the estimation that the person has been vaccinated as a young person in accordance with the national immunisation scheme.

 

The Estonian immunisation schedule has been prepared in cooperation between doctors, researchers and state representatives, taking into account:

  • what are the prevalent vaccine-preventable infectious diseases;
  • the age at which people have the highest risk of infection;
  • the best time for vaccination based on the characteristics of an organism;
  • what has been proven, by way of medical research, regarding the safety and efficacy of vaccines.