Vaccinating children

The body of each child is protected by their immune system. It is in our power to strengthen this system even more, taking into account the characteristics of a child’s immune system.

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Vaccination of adults

An average adult is exposed to thousands of pathogens daily. The immune system, which works continuously and imperceptibly, protects the body from those pathogens.

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For healthcare workers

Healthcare workers professionals play a very important role in conducting vaccination. The information and explanations received from them affect people's decisions, and the feedback and statistics collected help direct vaccination policies.

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Travel vaccination

In order to avoid infectious diseases, travellers to risk areas should turn to their own family physician or travel medicine office at least 4 weeks before the trip, for a medical examination and, if necessary, to get vaccinated.

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Historic effect of vaccines

Infectious diseases were one of the most common causes of death before the invention and implementation of vaccines. For example, at the end of the 18th century, smallpox killed about 400,000 Europeans a year. Children were particularly vulnerable to the disease and 80% of those infected died. In the 20th century, smallpox was estimated to have killed 300–500 million people.


However, in 1979, smallpox caused by natural variola viruses became the first infectious disease that eradicated from the world with the help of vaccination.


Estonia has records of the incidence of infectious disease cases and the impact of vaccination since 1945. The following tables show the registered cases of several dangerous diseases per 100,000 inhabitants, the start of vaccination and the effects achieved.



Äge B-viirushepatiidi ajaloolise mõju joonis




Läkaköha ajaloolise mõju joonisMumpsi ajaloolise mõju joonisPoliomüeliidi ajaloolise mõju joonisPunetiste ajaloolise mõju joonisDifteeria ajaloolise mõju joonis


As can be seen from the tables, vaccination has significantly reduced the spread of infectious diseases in Estonia. However, this effect is likely to persist only as long as people decide to get vaccinated.