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Vaccinating children

The body of each child is protected by their immune system. It is in our power to strengthen this system even more, taking into account the characteristics of a child’s immune system.

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Vaccination of adults

An average adult is exposed to thousands of pathogens daily. The immune system, which works continuously and imperceptibly, protects the body from those pathogens.

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For healthcare workers

Healthcare workers professionals play a very important role in conducting vaccination. The information and explanations received from them affect people's decisions, and the feedback and statistics collected help direct vaccination policies.

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Travel vaccination

In order to avoid infectious diseases, travellers to risk areas should turn to their own family physician or travel medicine office at least 4 weeks before the trip, for a medical examination and, if necessary, to get vaccinated.

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Schedule

The Estonian immunisation schedule has been prepared in cooperation between various experts, taking into account:

  • what are the prevalent vaccine-preventable infectious diseases;
  • the age at which children have the highest risk of infection;
  • the best time for vaccination based on the characteristics of a child’s organism;
  • what has been proven, by way of medical research, regarding the safety and efficacy of vaccines.

Newborn babies are vaccinated already at maternity wards, young children are vaccinated at family physician offices, and schoolchildren at health service providers at schools. Consent for vaccinating a child is provided by a parent or guardian.

 

It is advisable to make vaccination decisions based on evidence-based science.

Immunisation schedule

Age

Vaccine

Notes

12 hours

Viral hepatitis B

Only newborns in the risk group, born to mothers who are HBsAg-positive or have not been tested for viral hepatitis B during the pregnancy.

1–5 days

Tuberculosis

 

2 months

Rotavirus 1 (vaccine  or  vaccine )

 

3 months

Diphteria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenzae type b and B-viral hepatitis B (hexavalent vaccine) and Rotavirus 2 

Only in the case of 5-valent rotavirus infection vaccine.

4.5 months

Diphtheria 2, tetanus 2, pertussis 2, poliomyelitis 2 and Haemophilus influenzae type b 2 and B-viral hepatitis 2 (hexavalent vaccine) and Rotavirus 3  

 

6 months

Diphtheria 3, tatanus 3, pertussis 3, poliomyelitis 3 and Haemophilus influenzae type b 3 and B-viral hepatitis 3 (hexavalent vaccine) 

 

1 year

Measles, mumps and rubella

 

2 years

Diphtheria 4, tetanus 4, pertussis 4, poliomyelitis 4 and Haemophilus influenzae type b 4 and B-viral hepatitis 4 (hexavalent vaccine)

 

6–7 years

Diphtheria 5, tetanus 5, pertussis 5, polio 5

 

12 years

Human Papillomavirus 1 and 2

Only girls. Minimum interval between the first and second dose is at least 6 months, but not more than 13 months.

13 years

Measles 2, mumps 2 and rubella 2

 

15–17 years

Diphtheria 6, tetanus 6, pertussis 6, polio 6 

 

Adults (every 10 years)

Diphtheria and tetanus

 

 

Concomitant vaccination against various infectious diseases brings about a similar result as administering the vaccines one by one. However, concomitant vaccinations decrease the number of injections made and the amount of excipients injected to the body.

 

Concomitant vaccination against multiple diseases does not affect the likelihood of side effects.

 

Based on current scientific research, it can be stated that vaccines protect against certain infectious diseases and do not affect the spread of other diseases.